Sapphire, is most desired in its pure, rich blue color but is present in almost every color including pink, yellow, and green. The rarest type of sapphire is a pinkish orange variety famous as padparadscha, a name that comes from the Sanskrit word for lotus flower.
In the Middle Ages, the gem believes to protect those close to you from harm and also represents loyalty and trust. The September birthstone traditionally symbolizes sincerity, truth, faithfulness and nobility. For countless centuries, sapphire adorned royalty and the robes of the clergy. Likewise, the September birthstone reputed to have healing powers as well.
It has excellent toughness and no cleavage, which is a tendency to break when struck. This makes it a great choice for rings and other mountings subject to daily wear.
Because of this hardness, sapphire also has industrial uses. The Apple Watch features lab-created sapphire glass in its screen.
Deep blue sapphire associates with royalty. Sapphires wear by medieval kings, who believes that the gemstone would protect them from their enemies.
Kashmir and Sri Lanka are historically important sources for the September birthstone. The September birthstone is relatively hard, ranking 9 on the Mohs scale. Before you buy, always ask if it is treated and by what method.